How to Determine your Skin Type

Ever wonder why products don’t work on you but works wonderfully on others? If you do, then I’m glad you’re on this page because today, I will share with you the basic things I know about skin care. It’s a brand new year and if you are someone who tends to forget about your skin then maybe it’s time to re-consider and start taking care of it. Trust me, that is something your 40 year-old self would thank you for in the future. So first, let us  start from the basic yet the most important step which is determining and understanding your skin type.

The 4 common skin types are dry, normal, combination and oily and here’s how you can determine which skin type you have.

Step 1: Wash your face with your trusted facial cleanser to remove oil, dirt and any make up.

Step 2: Don’t apply any products on and just let your skin return to its normal state.

Step 3: After an hour or so, try to examine your skin for any visible shine, flakiness, or oiliness. If your skin feels tight when you do facial movements or see some flakiness then you have dry skin. If you notice shine or oil on some areas like forehead and nose (T-zone), you are likely to have a combination skin. But if you see oil or shine on areas like cheeks, chin, forehead and nose then your skin is likely oily. Then finally, if you don’t notice any of those mentioned above then congrats because you are blessed to have a normal skin.

Skin Types

Once you start to understand your skin type and its specific needs, not only it will help you choose the right and suited products but you will also be surprised how your skin will transform from worst to better or even best.

Dry Skin

Your skin feels tight all the time and there are cases when you will notice flakiness and dry patches especially during summer or winter. These harsh conditions cause your skin to lose its natural oils making your skin dryer than normal. When you have dry skin type, it’s best for you have a moisturizer that is more on a heavier kind. It is also okay for you to exfoliate at least 2-3 times a week to help you remove dead skin cells but never ever over exfoliate as this may lead your skin to become sensitive and dry even more.

Recommendation: Products with Vitamin E, Olive oil, Hyaluronic acid, Glycerin are a great option as these are known for its hydrating and moisturizing properties.

Oily Skin

Oily skin tends to produce more sebum than normal which causes pores to become larger and more visible and is likely to get blackheads, whiteheads and more prone to experience breakouts. Avoid products with drying ingredients like alcohol as this will trigger your skin to produce more oil which will cause you bigger problems. Even though you have oily skin, you still need to keep your skin moisturized. Moisturizers with lightweight-formula are best suited for you. You may also try to switch your moisturizer to an emulsions or facial skin lotions which are more curated for people with oily skin.

Recommendation: Products with AHA, BHA, Salicylic acids which are great chemical exfoliant for oily skin. Retinol and Niacinamide which are both great in unclogging pores and improve the appearance of enlarged pores. Green tea is also a great ingredient to look out for as this treats oily skin.

Combination Skin

This skin type is more likely to have an oily t-zone and normal to dry on the rest of areas of the face. This is probably the skin type that is a bit hard to take care of since you have to consider that your skin is a combination of dry and oily. Good thing about it is that there are now a lot of products available in the market that caters this type of skin. I guess the best way to treat you combo skin is to have a balance moisture. Apply a little bit of your moisturizer to areas that tends to get oily. There are also gel-type moisturizers which you can go for.

Recommendation: Products with Hyaluronic acid, niacinamide, Glycerin and Aloe Vera are also good for this skin type. Hydra Balance Smart Moisturizer for Combination Skin from the brand VMV Hypoallergenics is also good option. This product is specifically curated for Combination skin. I have tried this product and it gives a good amount of moisture on the skin. Not too thick and not too heavy.

Normal Skin

A normal skin type is an ideal type because it is very easy to take care of and is likely to to get breakouts. If you have a normal skin type, you can focus on protecting and improving your skin condition by doing regular exfoliation, moisturizing and keeping your skin healthier. But just because you have a normal skin type, doesn’t mean you can  overdo things as this would just throw off your skin’s normal state instead of improving it more.

Recommendation: Most (not all) product ingredients are good for normal skin type. Vitamins C, AHA or BHA, Niacinamide, Hyaluronic acid are some good ingredients to look for.

There’s another skin type that most of you know about which is the Sensitive skin type. People with dry, oily or combination can have sensitive skin too and this is another thing to consider when choosing a product. Sensitive skin types are most likely to have  redness or skin inflammation and easily reacts to beauty products. The challenging part for this skin type is to determine which ingredients cause sensitivity to know which products/ingredients you need to avoid. That is why if you have sensitive skin, patch testing is a MUST! Though it is always recommended to always patch test regardless of which skin type you have.

Recommendation: Products with soothing and calming ingredients are what this skin type will love. Number one ingredient on my list is the Centella asiatica which I personally love. You will see numerous products with this ingredient list and that is how good this is. Centella asiatica extract is known to have great benefits and is being used in Chinese medicine to heal, repair and calm skin. My favorite Dear, Klairs Supple Preparation Facial Toner also has this ingredient making it suitable for all skin types including sensitive skin. Another ingredient to look for is Aloe Vera which is also calms and soothes skin irritation because of its anti-bacterial properties. Avoid products that would aggravate inflammation as this would make your skin condition worse like Alcohol and Fragrance. Might as well look for products that are gentle enough to be used even by babies.

Final Thoughts

Everyone is different and all skin types has its specific skin needs, the same reason why some products don’t work on you but works great on others regardless of how great or expensive the products are. Always keep in mind that our skin and skin needs changes depending on the season that’s why it’s essential for us to know and examine our skin every now and then, after all, it is us who will also benefit from it.

So that is all for today. I hope this post help you in any way possible and good luck on your skincare journey this 2019. Stay be-YOU-tiful. 🙂



Please note that I am no skin expert and only have basic knowledge about our skin and it’s always best if you will seek professional advise for any skin concerns.

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